Lumbar pain-low back pain
Low back pain is low back pain and has multiple possible causes . The lumbar vertebrae, pelvis, sacrum, muscles, ligaments can be a source of low back pain. Low back pain can be increased by lifting a load, moving or stationary motion. The various syndromes described below are in most cases a consequence of biomechanical abnormalities in the neuro-musculoskeletal system of the lumbar region. The main factors favoring the development of low back pain are:
- Trauma or falls
- Repetitive movements
- Deficient work ergonomics
- Bad posture and physical condition (muscle weakness)
- Sedentary lifestyle
As a result, the treatment options available to you may vary depending on the type of low back pain you have.
Lumbar or sacro-illiac sprain
The sprain is the result of stretching, breaking or microdissing of muscles and / or ligaments and back muscles. It occurs as a result of a sudden and uncontrolled movement, for example by straightening the trunk when lifting the load. The pain is often on one side and can radiate to the back of the thigh. It is acute, sporadic and creates spasms. The pain is relieved by rest or sitting.
Sciatic pain or sciatica
This condition is characterized by pain and sensory changes along the path of the sciatic nerve . This pain is located at the back and outer part of the leg. The main causes of sciatica are nerve irritation, lumbar osteoarthritis, disc herniation, sports or occupational injuries, fractures and infections.
Lumbar facet syndrome
This type of low back pain is increased by extreme or prolonged positions (sitting or standing). It can be accompanied by moderate morning stiffness that gives the impression of needing to “warm up” . The facet is an articulation located at the back of the vertebra. If there is inflammation and / or wear in the vertebral unit, the area becomes a source of pain.
Consequences of long-term low back pain
In the long term, the persistence of the lumbar vertebral subluxation complex can cause degeneration and wear of the affected joints (osteoarthritis). The pains felt will be intensified.
The importance of a good exam
Some more serious conditions can cause lower back pain. With his doctor training, the chiropractor is able to accurately diagnose the type of back pain you have. It is able to define whether your pain is a case that can be improved by a chiropractic care program or if you need to be referred to another health professional. If the cause of your lower back pain is neuro-musculoskeletal, your chiropractor is able to help you.
The chiropractic approach
The chiropractic approach will aim to stimulate the nervous system by increasing the mobility of the lumbar vertebrae . Indeed, the nerves emerging from the vertebrae convey nerve information to the structures surrounding the vertebral unit. Chiropractic treatment will therefore consist of adjustments that restore good synergy between vertebral and nerve structures, thereby reducing stress in the lumbar region. The chiropractor will promote the relaxation of muscles by working soft tissues (muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia). The goal of chiropractic care is therefore to reduce pain, restore the biomechanics of the region and prevent the recurrence of painful episodes.
Source: ACQ – Association of Chiropractors of Quebec – ACQ